Science and Engineering Practices-Grade 6 - FOSS® Next Generation™

Full Option Science System Copyright © The Regents of the University of California C1 INTRODUCTION Uncovering the body of scientific knowledge, the development of the vast array of designed products, and the associated intellectual activities are the work of scientists and engineers. Students, in their pursuit of core scientific knowledge, engage in similar work. The intellectual activities (science and engineering practices) represent one dimension of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). Some of these practices are innately natural for students as they observe and tinker with the world around them. Others may be alien at first, but with support and guidance from teachers, will become part of the way students think and work in science. Engaging in the practices of science helps students understand how scientific knowledge develops; such direct involvement gives them an appreciation of the wide range of approaches that are used to investigate, model, and explain the world. Engaging in the practices of engineering likewise helps students understand the work of engineers, as well as the links between engineering and science. Participation in these practices also helps students form an understanding of the crosscutting concepts and disciplinary ideas of science and engineering; moreover, it makes students’ knowledge more meaningful and embeds it more deeply into their worldview. The actual doing of science or engineering can also pique students’ curiosity, capture their interest, and motivate their continued study (A Framework for K–12 Science Education, 2012, page 42). Contents Introduction........................... C1 Working with Practices ......... C9 Asking Questions and Defining Problems. .............. C9 Developing and Using Models............................... C14 Planning and Carrying out Investigations...................... C18 Analyzing and Interpreting Data................................... C22 Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking...... C25 Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions...... C28 Engaging in Argument from Evidence. ........................... C33 Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information........................ C39 Science and Engineering Practices Opportunities in FOSS— Grade 6 ............................... C42 Science and Engineering Practices—Grade 6

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