Mixtures and Solutions – Recommended Books

FOSS has developed a list of recommended resources for each module. These resources include listings for nonfiction and fiction books for students, resource books for teachers, websites, images, videos, and local resources that extend the hands-on science activities in each module.
Resources intended for teachers only are labeled with yellow: Teacher-only Resource
Resources intended for students are labeled in blue: Student Resource
Books: Non-Fiction
Some of these resources may be out-of-print, either permanently or for a short time while they are being reprinted. These resources have been included here because they are still good extensions (some classic) to the FOSS modules and courses. If you can't find them for purchase, check your local library or try searching one of the used book sites available online.

We also provide printable lists of the recommended books for all Next Generation and Third Edition K-5 modules on the Science-Centered Language Development information page under the Teaching Tools menu.
101 Things Everyone Should Know about Science
Grade Level:  3-12Author:  Dia Michels and Nathan LevyPublisher:  Science Naturally!Year:  2006ISBN:  0-9678020-5-9Description:  101 Things Everyone Should Know About Science uses a question-and answer format to entice the reader into learning more about key concepts in biology, chemistry, physics, earth, and general science. This book is perfect for anyone interested in gaining a better understanding of how science impacts everyday life. Some questions include "Why do you see lightning before you hear thunder?" "What keeps the planets orbiting around the sun?" "Why do we put salt on roads when they are icy?"
A Drop of Water
Grade Level:  K-8Author:  Walter WickPublisher:  ScholasticYear:  1997ISBN:  0-590-22197-3Description:  Dramatic stop-action photography helps illustrate the properties of water in its various statesóice, steam, frost, dew, and rainbowóand supplies basic explanations of related scientific terms and phenomena, including capillary attraction and surface tension.
A Guide to the Elements
Author:  Albert StwertkaPublisher:  Oxford University PressYear:  2002ISBN:  0-195-15027-9Description:  Clearly written, this survey of the elements uses historical anecdotes and everyday examples to bring them to life. The book is current through element 112. Hardcover ISBN: 0-195-15026-0
A Refreshing Look at Renewable Energy with Max Axiom Super Scientist
Grade Level:  4-8Author:  Katherine KrohnIllustrator:  Cynthia Martin, Barbara SchulzPublisher:  Capstone PressYear:  2010ISBN:  978-1429-63902-6Description:  Graphic nonfiction features a "super scientist" who is super knowledgeable about renewable energy. Where does energy come from, what makes energy renewable, large-scale renewable energy, and new roads in renewable energy are all discussed in this unique science book.
Acid Rain
Grade Level:  3-5Author:  Louise PetheramPublisher:  Capstone PressYear:  2002ISBN:  0-736-81360-8Description:  The book presents the truth behind acid rain, explains the real situation, and describes some practical solutions.
Acid Rain
Grade Level:  6-8Author:  Colin Hocking, Jacqueline Barber, Jan CoonrodPublisher:  GEMS, The Lawrence Hall of ScienceYear:  2002ISBN:  0-924886-14-5Description:  This unit fosters substantial scientific inquiry skills as students learn about acids and the pH scale through a number of hands-on activities. Students analyze sophisticated environmental issues and consider the complexity of environmental decisions. GEMS guide.
Ada Byron Lovelace and the Thinking Machine
Grade Level:  4-6Author:  Laurie WallmarkIllustrator:  April ChuPublisher:  Creston BooksYear:  2015ISBN:  978-1-9395-4720-0Description:  Readers will be inspired by the life of Ada Byron Lovelace, a mathematician and scientist who wrote the first computer program at the age of 27 in 1843. Born to Lord Byron, the great poet, and Lady Byron, a mathematician with a passion for geometry, young Ada spent her days consumed with writing equations in her journal. She used her notes and numerical thinking to design a flying machine at 12 years old!
Asphalt to Ecosystems: Design Ideas for Schoolyard Transformation
Grade Level:  8-12Author:  Sharon Gamson DanksPublisher:  New Village PressYear:  2010ISBN:  9780976605485Description:  Hands down, this is absolutely the most comprehensive book about greening schoolyards that I have seen, and I've seen most of them. The author's work involves photos from unbelievable green spaces from 11 countries around the world and spans a decade of research. If you have an inkling of desire to do some greening projects in a schoolyard or are looking for inspiration for yourself or others, this book provides all the information you need, along with saving you time and money. It is loaded with gorgeous photos of students working and learning outdoors in spaces that are now teeming with life but were once barren asphalt. The teacher in me focused on the many ways to organize seating outdoors. Some are simple seating arrangements using tree sections in a circle or various ways to have amphitheater seating. There are also photos of artful and functional cob bench sculptures or the dual functioning flower-shaped concrete raised tree bed that also provides seating.
Grade Level:  3-5Author:  Melissa StewartPublisher:  Compass PointYear:  2003ISBN:  0-7565-0441-4Description:  The full-color books in the Simply Science series explains the key concepts of atoms in an easy-to-understand way.
Beyond Ecophobia: Reclaiming the Heart of Nature Education
Author:  David SobelPublisher:  The Orion Society's Nature Literacy SeriesYear:  1996ISBN:  913098507Description:  If you teach, or feel you should teach, about environmental issues to students in grades K-8, then it is essential that you read this book. Sobel's primary argument is that well-intentioned educators often dive into issues about how humans are destroying Earth (rain forests are burning, polar bears are dying, oil is killing everything) at too young of an age. He writes, "What's important is that children have an opportunity to bond with the natural world, to learn to love it, before being ask to heal its wounds." He proposes three phases of environmental curricula, "In early childhood, activities should center on enhancing the developmental tendency toward empathy with the natural world; in middle childhood, exploration should take precedence; and in the early adolescence, social action should assume a more central role."
Chemical Reaction
Grade Level:  4-8Author:  Roberta BaxterPublisher:  KidHaven PressYear:  2004ISBN:  0-737-72072-7Description:  Explains how chemicals react and describes different types of reactions from acid-base interactions and reactions with oxygen to photosynthesis and digestion. Also covered is the future of chemical reactions in space and in computers.
Chemical Reactions
Grade Level:  6-10Author:  Jacqueline BarberPublisher:  GEMS, The Lawrence Hall of ScienceYear:  1999ISBN:  0-924-88606-4Description:  An ordinary zip-locking bag becomes a safe and spectacular laboratory as students mix chemicals that bubble, change color, and produce gas, heat, and odor. A terrific introduction to chemistry, this guide is often adapted for lower grade levels.
Cool Chemistry Activities for Girls
Grade Level:  3-9Author:  Jodi Wheeler-ToppenPublisher:  Capstone PressYear:  2012ISBN:  978-1-4296-7674-8Description:  Get your science groove on, and check out these awesome chemistry projects: Fountains of flowing fun, Ooey, gooey, stress-relieving putty, Super sweet candy necklaces. Chemistry is easy when you’re having this much fun!
Crystal and Gem
Grade Level:  3-6Author:  R. F. Symes, R. R. HardingPublisher:  DK PublishingYear:  2007ISBN:  0-756-63001-0Description:  Photos show the natural beauty of crystals of every size, shape, and color.
Grade Level:  3-6Author:  Louise Spilsbury, Richard SpilsburyPublisher:  Heinemann LibraryYear:  2011ISBN:  978-1-4329-4684-5Description:  Crystals looks at how crystals form, change, and are used in society around the world.
Discovering Density
Grade Level:  6-10Author:  Jacqueline Barber, Marion E. Buegler, Laura Lowell, Carolyn WillardPublisher:  GEMS, The Lawrence Hall of ScienceISBN:  0-912511-17-6Description:  Why does ice cream float in root beer? Exploring real-life connections, students delve into the concept of density with secret formula sheets, a number of Puzzling Scenarios, and a liquid-layering activity. The mathematical equation for density is also introduced.
Dry Ice Investigations
Author:  Jacqueline Barber, Kevin Beals, Lincoln BergmanPublisher:  GEMS, The Lawrence Hall of ScienceYear:  1999ISBN:  0-924-88615-3Description:  The intriguing behavior of dry ice ushers students into inquiry and essential concepts of matter, gases, and chemistry. Provides compelling experience in scientific investigation while introducing the particulate theory of matter, phase change, the nature of gases, and the history of science.
Exemplary Evidence: Scientists and Their Data
Grade Level:  3-5Author:  Jessica Fries-GaitherIllustrator:  Linda OlliverPublisher:  NSTA KidsYear:  2019ISBN:  978-1-6814-0361-8Description:  If you think of science as a puzzle, you’ll see that data is a key to unlocking it. Exemplary Evidence: Scientists and Their Data touches on the world’s many riddles—from how we see to what’s at the bottom of the ocean. It shares how scientists have solved such puzzles by collecting measurements, taking notes, and even making sketches. The book also provides mini-bios of the nine featured scientists plus four steps to using data to tease out your own answers about how the world works.
Fizz, Bubble, and Flash! Element Explorations and Atom Adventures for Hands-on Science Fun
Grade Level:  4-8Author:  Anita J. BrandoliniPublisher:  Williamson PublishingYear:  2003ISBN:  1-885-59383-XDescription:  Introduces the elements and explains the periodic table. Describes the families of the periodic table from the alkali metals to the actinides, presenting information about certain elements. Sidebars highlight interesting facts, and pronunciation guides help with difficult words.
Girls Research!: Amazing Tales of Female Scientists
Grade Level:  4-5Author:  Jennifer PhillipsPublisher:  Capstone PressYear:  2014ISBN:  978-1-4765-4056-6Description:  Never before have so many awesome women been celebrated in one book. The scientists featured broke barriers, made life-changing discoveries, and forever transformed the world.
Guide to the Elements
Grade Level:  5-8Author:  Albert StwertkaPublisher:  Oxford University PressYear:  2002ISBN:  0-195-15027-9Description:  Presents the basic concepts of chemistry and explains complex theories before offering a separate article on each of the building blocks that make up the universe.
Ininatig's Gift Of Sugar
Grade Level:  3-8Author:  Laura Waterman WittstockIllustrator:  Photographs by Dale KakkakPublisher:  Lerner PublishingYear:  1993ISBN:  0-8225-9642-3Description:  Describes how Native Americans have relied on the sugar maple for food and tells how an Anishinabe in Minnesota continues his people's traditions by teaching students to tap the trees and make maple sugar.
Grade Level:  5-6Author:  Heather HasanPublisher:  Rosen Publishing GroupYear:  2005ISBN:  1-404-20157-2Description:  Explains the characteristics of iron, where it is found, how it is used by humans, and its relationship to other elements in the periodic table.
Marie Curie, Brave Scientist
Grade Level:  3-6Author:  Keith BrandtIllustrator:  Karen MilonePublisher:  Troll AssociatesYear:  1990ISBN:  0-89375-855-8Description:  A brief biography focusing on the youth of the scientist who twice received the Nobel Prize for her work with radium.
Matter: See It, Touch It, Taste It, Smell It
Grade Level:  1-4Author:  Darlene R. StillePublisher:  Picture Window BooksYear:  2004ISBN:  1-404-80246-0Description:  Explains the different types of matter and how matter changes from one state to another with heat or pressure.
Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide To The Elements
Author:  John EmsleyPublisher:  Oxford University PressYear:  2001ISBN:  0-19-850340-7Description:  A resource book about the elements "that everyone can understand" and enjoy. Includes how each element is incorporated in the human body, in food, and in medicine and explores the impact each element has had historically, economically, and environmentally.
Grade Level:  5-6Author:  Heather HasanPublisher:  Rosen Publishing GroupYear:  2005ISBN:  1-404-20158-0Description:  Explains the characteristics of nitrogen, where it is found, how it is used by humans, and its relationship to other elements in the periodic table.
Notable Notebooks - Scientists and their Writings
Grade Level:  3-5Author:  Jessica Fries-GaitherIllustrator:  Linda OlliverPublisher:  NSTA KidsYear:  2017ISBN:  978-1-6814-0307-6Description:  Engaging illustrations with descriptive text in rhyme will inspire students to learn about 9 scientists and their notebooks. From Galileo Galilei to Jane Goodall, Charles Henry Turner to Ellen Ochoa, these scientists used notebooks to capture their ideas and observations. Readers will see how notebooks are used to record information including words, numbers, charts, and drawings.
Of Cabbage And Chemistry
Grade Level:  4-8Author:  Jacqueline BarberPublisher:  GEMS, The Lawrence Hall of ScienceISBN:  0-924886-28-5Description:  In this unit students explore acids and bases using the special indicator properties of red cabbage juice. They learn that chemicals can be grouped by behaviors, and relate acids and bases to their own daily experience.
Oobleck: What Do Scientists Do
Grade Level:  4-8Author:  Cary I. SneiderPublisher:  GEMS, The Lawrence Hall of ScienceISBN:  0-924886-09-9Description:  In this immensely popular unit, the strangely behaving substance called Oobleck provides students authentic insight into real-world scientific inquiry. Students are totally engaged in observation, hands-on investigation, a scientific convention, and spacecraft design.
Schoolyard-Enhanced Learning: Using the Outdoors as an Instructional Tool, K-8
Author:  Herbert W. BrodaYear:  2005ISBN:  1571107290Description:  This is a great book that incorporates the most recent research from experts who are working to connect children to the outdoor world. It is well-researched, exciting to read, and grounded in the realities of today's school experiences. Broda writes, "Although there are many good reasons for taking students outside—educational, social, aesthetic, recreational—I have to admit that one of my most compelling reasons is to provide opportunities for kids to experience that sense of wonder . . . The more we take children outside for learning activities, the greater the probability for moments of awe and insight." This book gives you everything you need to start using the schoolyard.
Science Experiments and Amusements for Children
Grade Level:  K-6Author:  Charles VivianPublisher:  Dover PublicationsYear:  1972ISBN:  0-486-21856-2Description:  The 73 scientific experiments described in this book can easily be done by children on their own, often with minimal supervision. Explicit directions are given for each step, and the only equipment required can be found around the house.
Science Experiments That Fizz and Bubble: Fun Projects for Curious Kids
Grade Level:  4-6Author:  jodi Wheeler-ToppenPublisher:  Capstone PressYear:  2011ISBN:  978-1-4296-5425-8Description:  Get ready to make soda shooters, bobbing blobs, and foaming fountains. With just a few household items, you can create these science experiments and more. You’ll also find out what causes these projects to fizz and bubble. Science has never been this much fun!
Science Experiments That Surprise and Delight: Fun Projects for Curious Kids
Grade Level:  4-6Author:  Sheri Bell-RehwoldtPublisher:  Capstone PressYear:  2011ISBN:  978-1-4296-5428-9Description:  Get ready to make rubber chicken bones, lemon batteries, and lumpy milk. With just a few household items, you can create these science experiments and more. You’ll also find out what causes these projects to work. Science has never been this much fun!
Science Experiments You Can Eat
Grade Level:  4-8Author:  Vicki CobbIllustrator:  David CainPublisher:  HarperYear:  1994ISBN:  0-064-46002-9Description:  Experiments with food demonstrate various scientific principles and produce an edible result. Includes rock candy, grape jelly, cupcakes, and popcorn. A classic worth looking for!
Simply Chemistry
Author:  Rose FarinelliPublisher:  Evan-Moor Educational PublishersYear:  2002ISBN:  1-557-99834-5Description:  Information and investigations on these six concepts: Objects can be described by the properties of the materials from which they are made. Substances can exist in different statesósolid, liquid, or gas. Substances have characteristic properties. Mixtures can sometimes be separated into the original substances using characteristic properties. Elements are organized in the periodic table. When substances react chemically, they can form new substances.
States of Matter
Grade Level:  2-3Author:  Delta EducationPublisher:  Delta EducationYear:  2003ISBN:  1-592-42253-5Description:  Introduces students to matter, its physical properties, and the three states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas. Describes matter changing from one state to another by melting, freezing, and evaporation, and how heating gases keeps a hot-air balloon afloat.
The Ever-Changing Atom
Grade Level:  5-6Author:  Roy A. GallantPublisher:  Marshall CavendishYear:  2000ISBN:  0-761-40961-0Description:  Introduces atoms, the tiny particles that make up everything in the world, discussing their different parts, how they were discovered, and how they can be used as a source of energy.
The Mystery of the Periodic Table
Grade Level:  5-8Author:  Benjamin D. WikerIllustrator:  Theodore Schluenderfritz, Jeanne BendickPublisher:  Bethlehem BooksYear:  2003ISBN:  1-883-93771-XDescription:  Introduces van Helmont, Boyle, Stahl, Priestley, Cavendish, Lavoisier, and many others, all incredibly diverse in personality and approach, who laid the groundwork for a search that is still unfolding.
Books: Fiction
Some of these resources may be out-of-print, either permanently or for a short time while they are being reprinted. These resources have been included here because they are still good extensions (some classic) to the FOSS modules and courses. If you can't find them for purchase, check your local library or try searching one of the used book sites available online.
Bartholomew and the Oobleck
Grade Level:  K-2Author:  Dr. SeussPublisher:  Random HouseYear:  1970ISBN:  0-394-80075-3Description:  A king orders his royal magicians to cause something new to rain from the sky. So oobleck begins to fall in a downpour. Its strange properties cause quite a mess, and the king learns a lesson in humility.
George's Marvelous Medicine
Grade Level:  4-6Author:  Roald DahlPublisher:  KnopfYear:  2002ISBN:  0-375-82206-2Description:  You don't even have to be a Roald Dahl fan to appreciate this book. I like to use it to illustrate the need for writing down a scientific procedure exactly the way it was done so that it can be replicated by oneself or others. It's also great for lab safety: the dangers of mixing substances "just to see what will happen." (George finds every nasty chemical he can think of and mixes them all together with disastrous results for the relative who consumes the mixture.)