<i>Hinode (Solar-B)</i> spacecraft

Hinode (Solar-B) spacecraft

Courtesy of NASA

http://msslxr.mssl.ucl.ac.uk:8080/SolarB/Solar-B.jsp



Overview
Hinode began as a 3-year international mission with Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom to study our star, the Sun.It has gone beyond the initial timeframe and continues to observe the Sun using three advanced solar telescopes: (1) solar optical to observe solar magnetic fields, (2) X-ray telescope, and (3) extreme ultraviolet imaging spectrometer. In Japanese, Hinodemeans “sunrise.”


Launch
September 22, 2006


Arrival
(sun orbit) November, 2006


End of Mission
Continuing as of 2012


Goals
Understand why and how the Sun’s magnetic field varies and how this affects total solar output and solar weather.

Answer the following questions:

  1. Why does a hot corona exist above the cool atmosphere? What drives explosive events such as solar flares?
  2. What creates the Sun's magnetic fields?


Findings
Collected data is posted online. Scientific team meets yearly to discuss results.