Mariner 1 spacecraft

Mariner 1 spacecraft

Courtesy of NASA

http://nasascience.nasa.gov/missions/mariner-missions



Overview
The Mariner program consisted of a series of 10 unmanned flyby missions launched by NASA between 1962 and 1973. These missions were designed to be the first to travel to other planets, specifically Venus, Mars, and Mercury. Seven were successful; three were lost. In summary:


Spacecraft

Destination

Launch year

Status

Mariner 1

Venus

1962

destroyed

Mariner 2

Venus

1962

flyby

Mariner 3

Mars

1964

lost

Mariner 4

Mars

1964

flyby

Mariner 5

Venus

1967

flyby

Mariner 6

Mars

1969

flyby

Mariner 7

Mars

1969

flyby

Mariner 8

Mars

1971

lost

Mariner 9

Mars

1971

flyby

Mariner 10

Venus, Mercury

1973

flyby


Launch
July 22, 1962


Arrival
Ordered destroyed by a range safety officer shortly after launch when vehicle veered off course.


End of Mission
July 22, 1962


Goals
Venus flyby. Make measurements with magnetometer, particle detectors, cosmic ray detector, cosmic dust detector, solar plasma spectrometer detector, microwave radiometer, and infrared radiometer.


Findings
None