P. Tibet

P. Tibet

Courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team

http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA02658


The Kunlun fault is one of the gigantic strike-slip fault systems that bound the north side of Tibet and the Himalayan Mountains. Motion along the 1,500 kilometer (932 mile) length of the Kunlun has occurred for the last 40,000 years at a rate of 1.1 centimeter per year, creating an offset of more than 400 meters (1300 feet).
In this image, two faults are seen crossing from east to west. The northern fault is marked by lines of vegetation, which appear red in the image. The southern, younger fault cuts through the alluvial fans formed when fast flowing water from the mountains spread out and drop sediments when they reach the valley floor.