|Solid Earth Overview
The Solid Earth Module consists of five sequential investigations,
each designed to introduce or reinforce concepts in earth science. The
investigations provide students with firsthand experiences with rocks
and minerals, and modeling experiences to study changes to rocks
and minerals at Earth’s surface.
FOSS EXPECTS STUDENTS TO
• Learn that rocks are composed of minerals and that minerals
cannot be physically separated into other materials.
• Use measurement in the context of scientific investigations.
• Use evaporation to investigate rock composition.
• Investigate the effect of vinegar (acid) on a specific mineral,
• Identify and organize minerals with a diagnostic table of
color, hardness, streak, luster, cleavage, and other special
• Become familiar with the processes that form igneous,
sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks and their place in the
• Understand the processes that slowly change Earth’s surface
(physical and chemical weathering, erosion, and deposition)
and those that cause more rapid changes (landslides,
volcanism, floods, and earthquakes).
• Observe the effect of water on surface features of the land,
using stream tables.
• Follow written instructions to conduct a scientific
• Plan and conduct stream-table investigations.
• Develop questions and perform scientific investigations to
test predictions and draw conclusions.
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